Anatomically, the temporomandibular joints (TMJ Joints) are the hinges located on either side of the face that connect the lower jaw to the skull. Each temporomandibular joint has various sections that permit the hinge and gliding actions needed to open, close and move the mouth.
TMJ is not a disease entity but rather the anatomical description of a joint.
Rather, the disease associated with this joint is best called temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) or craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD). These diseases can trigger TMJ dysfunctions such as muscles and joints not working together correctly, causing muscle spasm, resulting in pain, muscle tenderness, and tissue damage. With these disturbances, arthritic changes can accelerate, muscles can tighten and the bite can feel off.
Our prosthodontist, Dr. Christopher Di Turi is highly knowledgeable of the anatomy and effective treatment of TMD and CMD to alleviate symptoms of TMJ dysfunctions.